Observation sessions should be scheduled so that the representativeness of the data can be maximized. Considering behaviors occurring in a school setting, which of the following options is consistent with this recommendation?
- Behaviors are given letter-codes that represent the complete topographical definition of the behaviors, e.g., “on-task academic behavior” is represented by “O” on the recording sheet.
- Observations should be made only when the behavior is likely to occur most frequently during a day, for instance, during a particular academic class.
- Recordings of behavior during the whole school day may be needed initially to assess the representativeness of samples within the day.
- Representativeness can be assured by scheduling observations in sessions of 60 minutes or more in the morning and afternoon school schedule.